Polio is an acute viral illness that occurs in the gastrointestinal tract. Polio spreads mainly through person to person (faecal-oral route) contact in areas where sanitation and personal hygiene are poor.
The highest rate of polio is found in Pakistan, Afghanistan, and Nigeria. The disease could spread to other countries where the population is not vaccinated against the virus. Globally, efforts have been made to eradicate the disease as it’s passed on by humans.
It is very important to ensure that you are vaccinated against polio if you are traveling to a risk area. Also, travelers should maintain high standards of hygiene and wash hand before eating and after using the toilets.
Polio is a very serious disease which can lead to permanent paralysis of those affected. The polio virus spreads through the blood supply and affects the central nervous system. Main symptoms are fever, meningitis, and paralysis.
In the UK, a combination vaccine called Revaxis is available to protect adults against diphtheria, tetanus, and polio. Book a consultation in advance to get the full course of vaccine before traveling.